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dutch  railroad era's

Era I - 1839 - 1925
  A slow and hesitant start of the Dutch railroad infra structure by several privately owned companies. The government was initially not involved. In 1863 the government starts building its own lines.
Period a - 1839 - 1890
  A period of colorful enterprises, each with its own railroad. The foundation of the Hollandsche Spoorweg-Maatschappij (HIJSM of HSM) in 1837, Nederlandsche Rhijnspoorweg Maatschappij (NCS) in 1860. Start of the Company for the Exploitation of the Staats Spoorwegen (SS) in 1863 and the North-Brabantsch-Duitsche Spoorweg-Maatschappij (NBDS) in 1869. It is limited to steam traction. The government starts to place station buildings in five different classes. The first airbrakes with a "through-connection" on all passenger cars.
Period b - 1890 - 1917
  Different companies compete heavily. Take-over of the NR by the SS. First electric railroad.
Period c - 1917 - 1921
  HIJSM and SS start the NS in 1917  "Nederlandsche Spoorwegen". SS takes over NCS. NS decides to apply the signal system of HIJSM, while they use the traction of SS.
Period d - 1921 - 1925
  The once colorful existence of the small individual rail enterprise seems to be coming to an end, a dark-green color has been instituted for all railroad rolling stock as well as the NS-number scheme. A slow start of the fuel burning motor traction and electrification, start of metal passenger car construction. Drastic diminishing of the steam depots. De SS-signals are moved from the left side to the right side of the track. Rail crossings without lights get a so-called Andreas cross.
Era II - 1925-1947
  Electrification of the main line in the western and central parts of the Netherlands. Money-losing trajectory is discontinued and closed. The start of the slow "calculated" termination of steam.
Period a - 1925 - 1934
  Activation of NS steam locomotives 3900, 6100 en 6300. Electrification of the mainlines and activation of mat '24. Luxury international passenger trains like: Etoile du Nord, Rheingold- and Edelweiss-Express. The brakeman's cab disappears due to the introduction of the through-connection of the brakes on the freight transports (1934).
Period b - 1934 - 1939
  Due to the up and coming rivalry with road transportation systems we see the first closures of some rail lines as well as the closure of some stations. Introduction of a new signal setting: "green" to allow slow continuation, previously this was "white". The "green" signal setting as a "warning" becomes yellow (1934). Foundation of N.V. Nederlandsche Spoorwegen 01-01-1938.
Period c - 1939 - 1947
  Mobilization  August 1939. No regular scheduled train service possible. Aluminum  roofs are painted in a dark color. Second World War. After the war purchases of foreign steam locomotives. Signal system '46 is activated.
Era III - 1947 - 1968
  Modernizing of the railroad net, electrification of mainlines. Purchase of diesel-electric and electric locomotives and railcars, overhaul of  diesel railcars, change in rolling stock color scheme. Postal transport with its own rolling stock. Class system revised. Automatic train control safety system.
Period a - 1947 - 1953
  Electrification implementation in full force. Influx of electric- and diesel-electric locomotives as well as pulled rolling stock, many in turquoise color. Goods cars in brown color.
Period b - 1953 - 1958
  New color scheme (1953); electric locomotives and passenger cars: blue. Electric passenger railcars: green and diesel-electric passenger rail cars: light blue (in 1958 red). Disappearance of wooden passenger cars. Prototype introduction of the first "Hondekop" railcars. Introduction TEE 1957. Introduction of two class system (1956). End of steam traction (1958). Introduction of the new signal regulation and daylight signals (1954).
Period c - 1958 - 1968
  NS (Dutch railroad) in financial trouble. New diesel and electric rail cars replace the "pre-war" passenger rolling stock.. De last of the "coupé" passenger cars are discontinued. Passenger classes of service are reduced to 1st and 2nd. The  "Motorpost" railcar is put in service, as well as passenger cars for neighboring country transportation.  Numbering of the rolling stock according to the UIC (goods cars: 1965, passenger cars: 1968). First container trains. Introduction of the three lights front system (1963). Steam can only be seen at border stations and museum lines
Era IV - 1968 - 1989
  New color scheme introduction, modernizing of "post-war" rolling stock. Introduction of the push-pull train. Disappearance of the classic  safety and security systems, as well as the manual controlled railroad crossings.
Period a - 1968 - 1978
  New color scheme introduction; yellow/grey for locomotives, yellow for passenger transport, yellow/blue for passenger intercity trains, new logo and pictograms, as well as advertising on the train. Purchase of electric locomotives  series 1500, "Sprinter" and the introduction of the prototype "Koploper", Benelux push-pull train as well as multi-electrical system locomotives of the NMBS (Belgium railroad) to run on the NS (Dutch railroad) network.
Period b - 1978 - 1989
  Modernizing of the old electric locomotives. Purchase of electric locomotives  series 1600, as well as "Wadlopers", "ICM-3" and double decks rolling stock. New Benelux push-pull train in yellow/red color scheme. Discontinuation of steam line material as well as passenger cars of the 50's. Goods cars get new lettering combinations (1981).  Introduction of computer driven safety and security system.
Era V - 1989 - present
  Discontinuation of the older types of diesel-electric locomotives. Purchase of the new diesel locomotives of the series 6400, 1700, as well as the new double decks passenger cars of the type  "IRM". Strong increase of passenger transportation, which forces the rental of passenger cars of the NMBS (Belgium railroad). Developments in planning high speed rail travel coupled with the purchase of the "Thalys". The last arm signals disappear

Here you can find some examples of the various era's